Gwalior Gharana

The Home of Miyan Tansen

and many other legends of Hindustani Classical Music




Pt. Krishnarao Shankar Pandit





Gwalior Gharana at a Glance

Founders: Ustads Hassu Khan, Haddu Khan and Nathu Khan




India: Balakrishna Buva Ichalkaranjikar, Anant Manohar Joshi, Ulhas Kashalkar, Rehmat Khan, Ram Marathe, D.V.Paluskar, Vishnu Digambar Paluskar, Krishna Rao Shankar Pandit, Sunanda Patnaik, Vinayakrao Patwardhan, Rajubhaya Poochwale, Malini Rajurkar, Veena Sahasrabuddhe, Omkarnath Thakur, Ramkrishnabuwa Vaze, Narayan Rao Vyas


Pakistan: Fateh Ali Khan, Ghulam Rasool Khan, Hameed Ali Khan, Manzoor Ali Khan, Umed Ali Khan, Ghulam Hussain Shaggan


The concept of gharana is peculiar to North India Music today. The word "Gharana" literally means "house" and it implies the house of the teacher. It is linked to the very ancient concept of the Guru-Shishya-Parampara (linage of teacher /disciple) but with some interesting modern twists. The Name 'Gwalior Gharana' was derived from a geographical location 'Gwalior'. It is considered to be the oldest among all the gharanas. In this style, emphasis is laid on rendering the lyrics of the 'bandish' (composition) with clarity, while demonstrating the integrity of the raag. The oldest of the gharanas and one to which most others can and do trace the origins of their style is the Gwalior gharana. Some sources believe that Nathan Khan and Peer Baksh settled in Gwalior and evolved the style features that led to this gharana. Others claim that individuals named Nathan Peer Baksh and Nathe Khan founded the gharana. There are about 50 Raagas which are very prominent in this Gharana. Every Raaga in turn has quite a number of Chotta Khyaal and Bada Khyaal .

This Gharara is considered the Mother of more gharanas mainly because more Gharanas have branched from this.


Information courtesy www.gwaliorworld.com











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from July 1, 2003